Capitalization
Lesson 4

Continents

Capitalize the names of continents.

  • America
  • Asia
  • Africa

Countries

Capitalize the names of countries.

  • Canada
  • United States
  • Germany
  • China

Provinces, territories and states

Capitalize the names of provinces, territories and states.

  • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Nunavut
  • Northwest Territories
  • California
  • Texas

Cities, towns, villages, and regions

Capitalize the names of cities, towns, villages, and regions.

  • St. John's
  • Toronto
  • Vancouver
  • Marystown
  • Upper Canada Village

Streets, roads, avenues, lanes, and highways

Capitalize the names of streets, roads, avenues, lanes and highways.

  • Yonge Street
  • Fowler's Road
  • Aberdeen Avenue
  • Cherry Lane
  • Highway 401

Islands

Capitalize the important words in the names of islands.

  • Vancouver Island
  • Cape Breton Island

Buildings and special rooms

Buildings

Capitalize the important words in the names of buildings.

  • the Empire State Building
  • the White House
  • the Colonial Building

Special rooms

Capitalize the important words in the names of special rooms.

  • the Oval Office
  • the Hall of Mirrors
  • the Amber Room

Businesses

Capitalize the important words in the names of businesses.

  • the Ford Motor Company of Canada
  • Fortis Inc.
  • Bell Canada
  • Sunset View Bed and Breakfast

Dates and special days

Capitalize the days of the week, the months of the year, and special days.

  • Monday
  • February
  • St. Patrick's Day
  • Easter

However, seasons, as well as a.m. and p.m., are not capitalized.

  • summer, fall, winter, spring
  • 8:00 a.m., 1:34 p.m.

Ships, trains, aircraft, and spacecraft

Important words in the names of ships, trains, aircraft and spacecraft are capitalized.

  • Titanic
  • The Canadian
  • Boeing 737
  • Apollo

Brand names

Capitalize brand names but not the product.

  • Dove soap
  • Listerine mouthwash
  • Hershey's chocolate bar

Compound words

Do not capitalize the second part of a compound word unless it is a proper noun.

  • Thirty-third Street
  • pro-French

Points of the compass

Capitalize points of the compass when referring to geographical areas but not when referring to directions.

  • Immigrants to Canada played an important role in opening the West.
  • To get to the park, drive west for two miles and then turn north.

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