Writing a Research Paper
Bibliography

Bibliography and Footnote Samples

Book - one author
Footnote 1Marshall Fisher, The Ozone Layer (New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1992), p. 48.
Bibliography
Fisher, Marshall. The Ozone Layer. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1992.
Book - two authors
Footnote 1Sherman Hines and Ray Guy, Outhouses of the East (Halifax: West House Publishers, 1978), pp. 64-66.
Bibliography
Hines, Sherman and Ray Guy. Outhouses of the East. Halifax: West House Publishers, 1978.
Book - three authors
Footnote 1M.H. Larock, J.C. Tressler and C.E. Lewis, Mastering Effective English, 4th ed. (Toronto: Copp Clark Pitman, 1980), p. 508.
Bibliography
Larock, M.H., J.C. Tressler and C.E. Lewis. Mastering Effective English, 4th ed. Toronto: Copp Clark Pitman, 1980.
Book - more than three authors
Footnote 1Jaroslav Pelikan et al., Religion and the High School (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1982), p. 103.
Bibliography
Pelikan, Jaroslav et al. Religion and the High School. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1982.
Book - compiled by an editor
Footnote 1Timothy Koa and Joseph M. Bishop, "The Ocean Should Not Be Used to Dump Toxic Wastes," in The Environmental Crisis, ed. Julie S. Bach and Lynn Hall (St. Paul, MN: Greenhaven Press, 1986), p. 200. (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1982), p. 103.
Bibliography
Koa, Timothy and Joseph M. Bishop. "The Ocean Should Not Be Used to Dump Toxic Wastes." In The Environmental Crisis, pp. 197-201. Edited by Julie S. Bach and Lynn Hall. St. Paul, MN: Greenhaven Press, 1986.
Book - no author given
Footnote 1The Lottery (London: J. Watts, 1732), pp. 20-25.
Bibliography
The Lottery. London: J. Watts, 1732.
Book - association, institution, etc. as author
Footnote 1Reader's Digest, Facts & Fallacies (Montreal: The Reader's Digest Association, Inc., 1988), pp. 111-113.
Bibliography
Reader's Digest. Facts & Fallacies. Montreal: The Reader's Digest Association, Inc., 1988.
Book - other than first edition
Footnote 1Graham Parker, An Introduction to Criminal Law, 3rd ed. (Toronto: Methuen, 1987), p. 221
Bibliography
Parker, Graham. An Introduction to Criminal Law, 3rd ed. Toronto: Methuen, 1987.
Bibliography
"Dialogue with a Computer." Library Quarterly 43 (March 1992), pp. 3-9.
Encyclopedia - entry signed
Footnote 1Collier's Encyclopedia, 1990 ed., s.v. "Euthanasia," by James A. Brussel.
Bibliography
Collier's Encyclopedia, 1990 ed., S.v. "Euthanasia," by James A. Brussel.
Encyclopedia - entry unsigned
Footnote 1Academic American Encyclopedia, 1987 ed., s.v. "Alcatraz."
Bibliography
Academic American Encyclopedia, 1987 ed., S.v. "Alcatraz."
Magazine - author given
Footnote 1Tom Post, "The Face of Defeat," Newsweek, August 24, 1992, p. 45.
Bibliography
Post, Tom. "The Face of Defeat." Newsweek, August 24, 1992, pp. 44-46.
Magazine - no author given
Footnote 1"Window on the Pacific," Maclean’s, March 11, 1992, p. 24.
Bibliography
"Window on the Pacific." Maclean’s, March 11, 1992, p. 24.
Newspaper - article signed
Footnote 1Gary Potter, "Saving Medicare," Evening Telegram, December 21, 1989, p. 5.
Bibliography
Potter, Gary. "Saving Medicare." Evening Telegram. December 21, 1989, p. 5.
Newspaper - article unsigned
Footnote 1"Fine Night from Toronto Symphony and Friends," Globe and Mail, October 3, 1979, p. 14, col. 5.
Bibliography
"Fine Night from Toronto Symphony and Friends." Globe and Mail. October 3, 1979, p. 14, col. 5.
Journal - author given
Footnote 1Don Swanson, "Dialogue with a Catalogue," Library Quarterly 34 (December 1983), p. 115.
Bibliography
Swanson, Don. "Dialogue with a Catalogue." Library Quarterly 34 (December 1983), pp. 113-125.
Journal - no author given
Footnote 1"Dialogue with a Computer, " Library Quarterly 43 (March 1992), p. 4.
Pamphlet - no author given
Footnote 1How Do You Apply for a Social Insurance Number? (Ottawa: Employment and Immigration Canada, 1989), p. 5.
Bibliography
How Do You Apply for a Social Insurance Number? Ottawa: Employment and Immigration Canada, 1989.
Interview
Footnote 1Interview with Clyde Wells, Confederation Building, St. John's, July 31, 1992.
Bibliography
Wells, Clyde. Confederation Building, St. John's, July 31, 1992.
Film
Footnote 1L. Wolff (producer), Rock-a-bye Baby (New York: Time-Life Films, 1981) (Film)
Bibliography
Wolff, L. (Producer). Rock-a-bye Baby. New York: Time-Life Films, 1981. (Film)
Radio and television programs
Footnote 1C.B.C. "Twentieth Century Spiritualism," November 28, 1991. (Radio)
Bibliography
C.B.C. "Twentieth Century Spiritualism," November 28, 1991. (Radio)
Microfilm
Footnote 1Paul Tillis, The Age of Surrealism (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1956; Michigan: University Microfilms, OP2783, 1978, p. 34.
Bibliography
Tillis, Paul. The Age of Surrealism. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1956; Michigan: University Microfilms, OP2783, 1978.

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